Religious tourism

  We look at the Hajj as selected example of religious tourism, the multiple positive effects, both visible (material) and invisible (spiritual). The same applies to visits of major mosques and holy places (eg in Iraq: Najaf, Karbala, and Samara Kadhimiyah or Palestine with Jerusalem and Al-Khalil).
 We can not enumerate all the main venues, but it is very important that we learn the following lessons:
 1- religious tourism is the best type of tourism, because it has a collective character and of individual security, peace and quiet out can give spiritual and worldly gain. That is why the makers of this type of tourism devote their full attention and understand it as a tourism of peace, both between individuals and at the level of nations.
 2 - Religious tourism in its various forms is the largest organized group tourism in the world. Hundreds of millions of tourists annually spend in this sector billions of dollars. Accordingly, you should think about it in all countries, to promote this type of tourism. it has a positive effects on other economic sectors, such as transport and communications and other parts of the tourism
 3 - The Holy Prophet and were essential to the development and progress of mankind. Even if they worked at different times and in different areas, its role and mission has always been the same: to help humanity to evolve and further develop scientifically.
 4 - The revival of the places of prophets and saints as a tourist destination is a crucial step to disseminate the principles of peace and justice in the world, because the majority of people on this planet is monotheistic.
 5- Tourism and interaction, communication and meetings he brings are an important means of rapprochement between civilizations. The influential international tourism organizations need to ensure that tourists respect the general moral values and the host country, so that all can benefit from the different forms of tourism. Let us advertise the fact that those in the Islamic world is responsible for tourism, religious tourism give the highest priority. You should devote the mosques and mausoleums of prophets considerable attention. A visit to the places where the Ahl Al-Bayt (descendants of the Prophet), for example, is a source of inspiration and a lesson on unity, peace and security and the prevention of discord and strife. Follow travelers on the path of peace, continue your march, God bless you.

Religious Sites in the province of Baghdad

  Al-Kadimiya Shrine (as):
 Kadimiya is an ancient Iraqi city and now a suburb of Baghdad, located about five kilometers northeast of downtown. Today it is one of nine administrative districts in Baghdad. The city is sacred to the Shiites, since Musa al-Kadim 802, the seventh Imam of the Shiites, was buried along with his grandson Mohammed Al-Jawad, the ninth Imam of the Shiites. his tomb, Al-Kadimiya mosque with its minarets and their two golden domes and this mosque was built in the 1515, landmark of the city and the destination of Shia pilgrims.
 The city was named after Musa al-Kadim.

 The Abu Hanifa Mosque:
 Abu Hanifa mosque is the most famous Sunni mosque in Baghdad:
 it was built by the Ottomans during their rule lasted over four hundred years in Iraq near Abu Hanifa's grave, a founder of the Hanafi doctrine. It is also called (Mosque of the Greatest Imam), like Abu Hanifa called by his followers.
 The mosque is in the Adamiya district-Baghdad (northern Baghdad). The Abu Hanifa mosque is considered a very important place for Sunni Muslims, especially for Hanafis, including the inhabitants of the district Adamiya belong.

 Buratha mosque:
 To the north-west of Baghdad and five kilometres from the Sacred Sanctuary of the Infallible Imams Musa al-Kazim and Muhammad al-Jawad.a magnificent architecture stands in front of your eyes.
 It is one of the signs of the Divine guidance and a mark of the Prophet Muhammad’s dignity. It is nothing but the Buratha Mosque, with tall minarets that majestically attracts thousands of visitors from various parts of the world for receiving the Divine Grace and Blessing thereat. It is the Buratha Mosque.
 In the Syriac language, the name connotes “the Son of Wonderland”, “Mary’s Home”, or “Jesus Christ’s Land”.
 The Buratha Mosque is one of the holy sites and shrines that is highly venerated by Christians and Muslims alike. It is a Muslim mosque that used to be a Christian monastery in the past; it also contains a cemetery and is one of Baghdad's oldest landmarks in the history of Islam.
 Burthat mosque is the oldest Islamic era building in the Baghdad region. It was an ancient Aramic chrestian church before Islam. It's importance to Muslims started aroung 700 AD when the fourth Khaleefa Ali used the place near to hte church to reside, the story tells that the Imam was in need for water, he suggested to the priest Habab who was running the church to dig a well which is still there over 1400 years.
 The place today is sacred for Shia Muslims, also of importance to Iraqi Christains. There was a black rock that locals believe of religous imporatance. Also an ancient white rock which locals beleive that Jesus was laid on!

 Abd al-Qadir Al-Gailani Mosque:
 Abd al-Qadir Al-Gailani (1088 or 1077 in the province of Amol, now Iran, † 1166 in Baghdad, now Iraq) was a Kurdish Islamic mystic (Sufism) and the founder of the Qadiri tariqa (Qadiri dervishes Orders).
 He is related to the well-known Sufi Ahmed Rifai, whose Rifai Order works closely with the Qadiri. His grave in Baghdad is still a busy place of pilgrimage pious Muslims who are mainly from the Indo-Pakistan region. The pilgrims who stay there for weeks to go, silently around with a small broom and cleanse the sanctuary. It is considered a highly meritorious work to sweep the threshold of shrine.

 Mosque of the Caliphs:
 Located in the middle of the street in the caliphs Shorja area they can see the new form with the old lighthouse and it is a part of the mosque or palace mosque. The mosque was (902-908) built by the Abbasid caliph, but today's minarets are built by Iraqi Architecture in 1086 and the minaret rises to 33m above the ground with a base of 20.64 sqm.

 Zumurud Khatun Dome:
 The Zumurud Khatun (Emerald lady meaning in English) Dome is located in the west of Baghdad in an area Sheikh Maarof and the dome sitting on the eight ribs. The woman (Emerald Khatun) is the wife of the Abbasid Caliph Almustadhae Belaah and she built it to be buried in it during the reign of her son, Caliph al-Nasir Ledeenalaah year (1202 m). It is a serious mistake by the public people, as they believed that this grave is of Zubaydah, wife Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid.

 The shrine of Sheikh Omar Suhrawardi:
 AL-Suhrawardi shrine is located in Sheikh Omar near to Wastani gate area and sitting on his grave, a cone-shaped domes.
 He was a world famous mystic and died in 1225 AD and his mosque, where he was buried, is the oldest mosque in the city of Baghdad.

 AL-Junaid AlBaghdadi:
 He is Muhammad bin Junaid Albagdadi and came from Nahawend (Iran). He was born in third Hijri century and when he was 20 years old he got his teaching from Abi Thur and was Sunni, He was very ascetic, pious. Junaid was born in Baghdad and died in 297H and buried and was attended by more than 600,000 people in his funeral, his place is on the west side of Baghdad.

 Sheikh Maaroff Alkarakhi:
 He is'm Mahfoz Maaroff bin Fairos Alkarakhi, a Sunni scholar, Sunni Sufism in the second century AH in Baghdad. His parents were Christians, but he was converted to Islam and later his parents also. He died in Baghdad in 200 AH 815 AD and was buried in a convent-door cemetery near Abbasid palace.

 Abu Hammed Alghazali:
 He is Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Algazali Altusi Alnisaburi, Alfaqih Sufi Shafi'i, known as a nickname pretext of Islam. He was born 450 AH 1058 AD. and died in 1111 AD. AH and was renewed man of the fifth Hijri century. He was one of the most renowned Sunni scholars in the history of Islam. He was born in Ghazala village the province of Khorasan, Iran and died in Baghdad and was buried in the eastern part of Baghdad and the cemetery was named after his name.

 Albahlul:
 He is Abu Whaib Bahloul bin Amro Serafi AlKufi was born in Kufa in Iraq at the time of Harun al-Rashid. He was a friend of the Imam AS Jaafer Alsadiq he pretended madness and died 190 AH in Baghdad.

The religious sites in the province of Najaf

  Imam Ali Holy Shrine (as):
 Najaf is a city in Iraq and the capital of the province of Najaf. It is located south of Baghdad, and has (as of 1 January 2008) 900,583 inhabitants. She is considered one of the seven holy cities of Shia Islam.
 Nearly 100% of the residents are Arabs. 99.99% of the population are Muslims. About 95% are Shiites and Sunnis 5%. For Shiites, especially the Twelvers, Najaf is considered sacred: In the city there is the Imam Ali Mosque, the mosque shrine for the very important Shi'a Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib, the cousin and successor of the Prophet Muhammad. The mosque is considered the most important Islamic shrine in Iraq.
 All the main streets of Najaf start configuration to run there and in front of the high walls that protect the mosque. This attracts pilgrims day and night, and the dead are brought by their relatives in simple wooden coffins to ask for prior to the funeral on the outskirts of the blessings of Imam Ali.
 Najaf is also a political power center - especially by the Hawza, the association of influential Shiite scholars. Any agreement between Iraqis and the occupying power is more stable when it is approved by the Hawza.
 Also buried within this mosque according to Shias are Prophet Adam and Prophet Noah The site is visited annually by at least 8 million pilgrims on average, which is estimated to increase to 20 million in years to come.
 Many Shīah believe that Alī did not want his tomb to be desecrated by his enemies and consequently asked his friends and family to bury him secretly. This secret tomb site is supposed to have been revealed later during the Abbasid caliphate by Jafar as-Sādiq, the Sixth Shīah Imām. It has also been narrated from Jafar as-Sādiq, the 6th Imām, that Imām Alī Mosque is the third of five holy places: Makkah, Madīnah, Imām Alī Mosque in Najaf, Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbalā, and the Shrine for Fātimah - daughter of Mūsā al-Kādhim in Qom.

 Mosque tomb of Prophet Hud and Saleh (AS):
 The Prophet Hud (AS) and Prophet Saleh (AS) are in a place in Najaf cemetery in Algari Valley (Peace Valley) from the north-east of Imam Ali Holy shrine. These two tombs mosque attended by all Muslims from different parts of the world.

 Kumail bin Ziad mosque tomb:
 His tomb located in the mosque area (Atawaih), a high hill towards Kufa-Najaf, and is now (Kumail) and he was a close friend of Imam Ali and thousands of Muslims visit him to this day.

 Zainal Abidin Mosque :
 He is Ali bin Al-hussein bin Imam Ali (AS) and mosque located close to Safi Safa Mosque and in front of Imam Ali mosque and is visited by many Muslims.

 Mosque Alhanana:
 After the famous battle of Karbala, the soldiers came with the prisoner and the head of the Imam Al-Hussein (AS) in the direction wanted. Along the way they made a radical one place for a night, this place is called today Alhanana and was very holy and a mosque was built and is still visited by many Muslims.

 The shrine of Muslim bin Aqeel Abi Talib (AS) bin:
 Muslim bin Aqeel was a cousin of Imam al-Husayn bin Ali. He was dispatched by Imam al-Husayn to the city of al-Kufa. His mission was informing the citizens of al-Kufa of the injustice of Yazid; however, he was martyred together with Hani bin Urawa in 60 A.H. Ibn Ziyad, the then governor of al-Kufa, ordered his forces to kill them and sent their heads to Yazid. Their toms are now at the al-Emar Castle now. The two holy shrines are situated near al-Kufa Mosque to the east of the city of Najaf. When the pilgrim likes to visit the city of al-Kufa, he will see the golden dome. The decorations added to the walls of the shrine make the place appear more spiritual; from inside, the dome is covered by mirrors that seem to magnify the great person buried there. The tomb is located next to the Al-Kufa Mosque and Golden dome rises above the grave, he was the ambassador sent to Al-kufa and the first martyr Imam Hussein in 561 AD in the Kufa city. Now, when one intends to enter the sacred sanctuary, the first thing to come into view is the architecture of the Shrine. And, just prior to stepping inside the corridor, the pilgrim is instructed to read out, together with some relevant verses of the Holy Quran, the following sentence: "May salaam be unto you, O Martyr of Imam al-Husayn's call." Amid the implications of the mirrors which add to the spiritual beauty of the sacred place and the door framed in gold steps and stands the visitor who reads out the ziarat-text in favor of Muslim at the gate of the sanctuary.

 Hani bin Urwa shrine: his tomb located next to Al-Kufa mosque and opposite to Muslim tomb, was Killed by Bin Ziad (Umayyad governor) in 60AH.

 The shrine of Almukhtar Althaqafi:
 After the assassination of Imam Hussein, he made a revolution against the killers of Hussain. He was killed and his grave is next to the Muslim bin Aqeel and always be visited by many people.

 Shrine of Maytham Tammar (AS):
 He was a close friend of Imam Ali, and was also a great scientist and was killed by Ibn ziad in 560 AD, and his grave is located to the west of Kufa Mosque.

 Shrine of Khadija bint Ali (AS):
 This grave is close to the Kufa Mosque, she died when she was a little child, as the story was told. The grave was again rebuilt in (1362 AH - 1942).

 House of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS):
 The house is located outside the Kufa mosque, he live in this house during the time of his caliphate in 536 AD. and is always visited by thousands of people today.

 Al-kufa mosque:
 The Great Mosque of Kufa, or Masjid al-Kufa (Arabic: located in Kufa, is one of the earliest mosques in Islam.constructed in the middle of the 7th century after the Caliph Omar established the city.
 The mosque contains the remains of Muslim ibn Aqil - first cousin of Hussein ibn Ali, his companion Hani ibn Urwa, and the revolutionary Mukhtar al-Thaqafi. Over the years, the mosque has been redeveloped a number of times. It is surrounded by a trench and once possessed an arcade of marble columns that extended 20 meters in length.
 It measured approximately 100 square meters with the side of the Qibla organized into five aisles and the others arranged into two.
 According to early sources, the aisles were demarcated by masonry block columns that rose to the height of the mosque's flat roof.
 Today the area of the building measures approximately 11,000sqm and features an elegant gold dome and Saffavid tile work from the 17th and 18th centuries. Twenty-eight semi-circular towers support the exterior wall; it is speculated that they date to the early Islamic period. Excavations carried out by Iraqi Department of Antiquities revealed that although these towers stretched two meters into the ground, they were being stabilized by another set of differently sized towers beneath them, that at one point belonged to an earlier mosque on the site. Additionally, the excavations provided evidence that the Qibla side of the mosque is structurally connected to the west wall of the Dar al-Imara.
 The mosque contains nine sanctuaries and four traditional locations. It has four minarets and it served by five gates.
 The Mosque is revered for many reasons

•It was the place where Imam Ali(PBUH) was fatally struck on the head while in prostration (Sujood)
• Contains the tombs of Muslim ibn ‘Aqil, Hani ibn Urwa, and Mukhtar al-Thaqai
• There are markers within the mosque indicating the locations for where the court of Imam Ali (PBUH) used to preside, where he was claimed to perform miracles, and where ‘Ali ibn Hussein(PBUH) and Ja‘far al-Sadiq(PBUH) used to perform Salah.
 Islamic traditions relate that Adam established the mosque, that it was later the dwelling place of Noah and that this was the place where he built the Ark Traditions say that 12,000 Prophets had performed Salah within this mosque, including Abraham, Noah, and Muhammad on the Night of Ascension - all are marked within the mosque It was from this mosque that the diluvium of Noah started submerging earth, as well as being the place from where the water was re-absorbed according to Shea belief - also marked within the Mosque Shea Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq (PBUH) said that up to twelve miles of land in all directions from the mosque are blessed by its holiness Ja'far al-Sadiq (PBUH) was also recorded as remarking that the 'mosque in Kufa is superior to that of Jerusalem'and that 'performing two prostrations of prayer here would be better for me than ten others at any mosque.

 Alsahlah mosque:
 In the north west side of Al – Kufa Great Mosque and 10 Km distance from Najaf lies Al – Sahla Mosque. Al – Sahla Mosque is one of oldest, greatest and most honored mosques after Al – Kufa Great Mosque. It was built in the first century after Hijra.
 The historical references that this location was the house of the prophet Edris (PBUH) then the house of the prophet Abraham (PBUH) and thirdly the house of Al – Kider (PBUH) Imams said many speeches about the honor and favor of the mosque. The area of the mosque is about (17500 sqm). The mosque is rectangular with (140 M) length and (125 M) width. It is surrounded with high wall, the wall is supported with half – circular towers and each tower is (7 M). the mosque has seventeen entrances and the southern side is the main location for praying. The mosque has many holy places The shrine of Mr.

 Ibrahim ibn al-Hasan Muthanna bin Ali (as): The tomb is located near the Najaf-Kufa main road (kinda place) There is a blue dome over the tomb and was always visited by many people.

 Prophet Younis holy place(AS):
 On the banks of the Kufa River built mosque red which Baitulmal of Muslims at the time of Imam Ali (AS) in memory of Nabi Younis (p), where he delivered the whale in this place and stayed while traveling to the city of Mosul until his death and built his tomb great there became this place and a mosque red shrine pray where scientists and visited by all Muslims.

 

Religious sites and mosques in the holy city of Karbala

 Imam Hussein bin Ali holy shrine (as):
 Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib was the son of Imam Ali and Fatima, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, and thus a member of the Ahl ul-Bayt.
 Hussein is a central figure in the Shia faith. After the death of his brother Hassan, he took over (after he should have been taking action against Umayyad whom he rejected during his lifetime) maintaining an uprising in Kufa against the ruling caliph of the Umayyad line, which was, however, put down swiftly.
 Hussein was killed on 10 October 680 (10 Muharram 61 Islamic calendar) in the Battle of Karbala by the army of Caliph Yazid.
 His tomb is to Shiite tradition in a mosque in Karbala, the Imam Husayn Shrine Hussein is revered because of his death in the Battle of Karbala by the Twelvers (Twelvers) as a martyr. A highlight of this worship represent the annual Ashura mourning ceremonies.
 The world's largest Islamic pilgrimage is the Al-Arba'un (the 40th day after the death of Husayn ibn Ali).
 The Shrine of Imam Hussein ibn Ali is one of the oldest mosques in the world and a holy site of Shia Islam in the city of Karbala, Iraq. It stands on the site of the grave of Hussein ibn Ali, the second grandson of Muhammad, near the place where he was killed during the Battle of Karbala in 680 C.E. The tomb of Hussein ibn Ali is one of the holiest places for Shias outside of Mecca and Medina, and many make pilgrimages to the site.
 Every year, millions of pilgrims visit the city to observe Ashura, which marks the anniversary of Hussein ibn Ali's death.[3]
 The Umayyad and Abbasid caliphs prevented construction of the shrines and discouraged pilgrimage to the sites. The tomb and its annexes were destroyed by Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil in 850-851 and Shi'a pilgrimage was prohibited, but shrines in Karbala and Najaf were built by the Buwayhid emir 'Adud al-Daula in 979-80.
 Two main roads lead the visitor to Karbala. One is from the Iraqi capital Baghdad, through Al-Musails, and the other is from Najaf. At the city's entrance there is a row of houses decorated with wooden columns.
 The boundary wall of the shrine surrounds wooden gates covered with glass decorations. The gates open into a courtyard separated into smaller rooms or precincts with many "Iwans" along the walls. The grave of Husayn ibn Ali is enclosed within a cage-like structure, found directly beneath the golden dome. Al Abbas Mosque is located nearby.

 The tomb of the martyrs in Al Husseini Mosque:
 Those who are martyred with Imam Hussein (AS) in the battle of karbala with his family and friends buried in the tomb and make this place the shrine to mark their graves on the floor, close to the shrine of Imam Hussein (AS ).
 The mausoleum is with window made of silver and has a first look at the inner sanctum with their names written on it.

 Grave of Habib ibn al-Asadi (as):
 One of the brave leaders who fought on the side of Imam Hussein and one of martyrs in the battle of Karbala and his grave is inside.

 The shrine of Sayed Ibrahim Bin Mohammed Bin Abid Imam Musa Bin Jaafar al-Kadhim (as):
 Known as the grave of Sayed Ibrahim Bin Mohammed Bin Abid Abid Imam Muhammad ibn Musa ibn Jafar al-Imam al-Kadhim (AS) and the mausoleum is made of bronze and located in the western corridor.

 The shrine of Imam Abbas ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (as):
 the Holy Shrine of Imam Abbas in the center of the old city of Karbala and is located in the north east side of the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussein at a distance between 247 m. Abbās was the brother of Hasan and Husayn, and was the flag-bearer for Husayn in the Battle of Karbalā. The distance between the shrines of Abbās and Husayn, are the same as the distance between the hills of Al-Safa and Al-Marwah.Alrawda-Alabbasia is no different as far as what The art and glory of the Alrawda-Alhusiania, the ground is with marble and the walls are decorated with mirrors. The mosque has nine gates Alqebla-gate, gate of Imam Hassan, the gate of Imam Hussein, the Imam Alhuja gate, gate of Imam Musa Bin Jaafar, gate of Imam Muhammad bin Ali al-Jawad, gate of Imam Ali bin Mohammed Al- Hadi, the Euphrates gate and Al-ameer gate. Environmental effects over the years have caused the Euphrates river to change direction. Nearly 1400 years after the Battle of Karbalā, the river flows across the grave of Abbās and encircles it. It is said that the Euphrates has come to Abbās now.

 The sanctuary of the left hand of Imam Abbas bin Ali:
 It stands on the left hand of the Imam Abbas ibn Ali (AS), which was cut during the fight (Battle of Karbala) and faces the Alrawda-Alabbasia.

 The sanctuary of the right hand of Imam Abbas bin Ali :
 It stands on the right hand of the Imam Abbas ibn Ali (AS), which was cut during the struggle (Karbala battle) and is opposite to Bab Al-Khan and the Alrawda Alabbasia.

 Shrine of Aun bin Abdullah (AS):
 The shrine is located on the outskirts of Karbala (11 miles) from the northwest on the road to Baghdad - Karbala. This sanctuary has always been revered by hundreds of visitors and visits.

 Alhur ibn Yazid Al-Riahi Shrine:
 One of the close companions of Imam Hussein (AS) in Karbala with him died as a martyr, and his shrine is located at a distance of (9 miles) west of Karbala in Alhur-place and his shrine is still revered by many believers .

 The mosque of Ibn Hamza:
 
He is AbuMohammed ibnHamza Ali al-Schiba bin Al-Hussein bin Abdullah bin Abbas bin Ali bin Abi Talib (AS). His shrine is located on a side road to AL Hindia (Touirij) and the mosque area is approximately (200 m2), and the shrine is in a neighborhood of houses and shops.

 Al-Husseini camp sanctuary:
 There is a further point in the city, a place where Imam Hussein (as) and his family reached the first camp in Karbala and camped here in the year (61 s). This place was built with Islamic architecture and daily attracts thousands of visitors every day.

 Alzainabiyya sanctuary:
 
A place where Zainab (Imam Ali bin Abi Talib daughter)was standing for Imam Hussein before his death and the place is high on a hill near Imam Hussein shrine. The total area of the holy place is about (150 m2) and is always especially revered and visited by women.

 Imam Mahdi sanctuary:
 The son of the eleventh Imam Hassan Askari (AS) and his relative ends to Imam Hussein (AS) and his shrine is located at the beginning of the road in the direction of Sidra street that leads to Imam Hussein shrine. The area of the sanctuary is large, with views of the Husseiniya River and around the sanctuary was a high fence built with Alkarbalai tiles. There are special places for men and women in prayer. This Imam Mahdi sanctuary is adjacent lot many tourist facilities and casinos.

 Shrine of Al-Akhras binImam Al-kadhim: He is Muhammad bin Abi Alfatah Alakhras his family tree ends to Imam Moussa ibn Jaafar al-Kadhim (AS) The sanctuary area (14 square meters) is located on the outskirts of the city of Karbala in the province Alebatir and thereabouts (13km) from the city of Karbala away.

 The tomb of Ibn al-Hamza known as Abu Hashim:
 The son of Abdullah bin Hassan bin Abbas bin Ali bin Abi Talib (AS) and the shrine is located in the Alhindia district about (23km) from the center of the city of Karbala. The shrine consists of a large mosques ornamented with Koran verses, blue glazed walls, prayer room for men and women, high fence and two large wooden door wood. The sanctuary is situated on a main road in Al-Hindia district.

 The Shrine of Imam Hussein bin Ali Alakber (as):
 This sanctuary is located in a street called (Aqed Alsade) in an old residential area.

 The tomb of Sayed Ismail:
 He is related to Imam Musa Bin Jaafar al-Kadhim (AS) and the shrine is located in an agricultural area and a Distance From the city center to (6 miles).
 The Shrine Mosque is (225 square meters) and is always on a Monday and THURSDAY every week revered and visited by many believers.

 Sanctuary of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (as):
 
This place is known as Imam Jafar Sadiq-Maqam, as if asking always here when he wanted to visit Imam Hussein. This holy place is located on the Euphrates behind the sanctuary of Imam Mahdi, and gives out a clear path to this sacred place.

 Place of the Prophet Noah (as):
 The sanctuary is located in Alibaiter Husseiniya Province in Karbala.

 

Religious Sites in the province of Babylon

   Center Hilla region:
 1-Imam Ali (as) sanctuary (sun return back).
 2-Shrine of Sayed Almuntakab Mohammed bin Ali Alhadi (as)
 3-shrine of Ahmed bin Musa Alkadim (as)
 4-shrine of Aljawad Musa bin Alkadim (as)
 5- Shrine of Sayed Ali bin Tawoos
 6-Almahdi sanctuary (as)

 Al-kifil region:
 1 –shrine of Prophet Zulkifli (as).
 2- shrine of prophet Ayub (as)
 3- prophet Ibrahim Sanctuary & Birthplace
 4-Alsaied Abu Baker bin Ali bin Abi Talib Shrine
 5-The Shrine of Ali bin Zeid Alsajjad (as)
 6- shrine of Abdullah bin Zeid (as)

 Abi-Gharaq region:
 1- Shrine of sayeda Shareefa bint Al-hassan (as)
 2 – Shrine of Ismail bin Mosa bin Jafer Al-kadhim (as)
 3-shrine of Idris bin Mosa Alkadim
 4 Shrine of Jasob Aldeen bin Al-kadhim (as)

 Al-seda region:
 1-shrine of Alhassan daughters in Almhanawia region

 Alexandria region :
 Alkeder Sanctuary

 Almahaweel region:
 1-The Shrine of Umran bin Ali bin Abi Talib (as)
 2-Alkeder Sanctuary
 3-shrine of Imam Alhassan Hadia bint Alaskeri (as)

 Al-hashimiya region:
 1-shrine of Imam Muhsen bin Alkadim (as)
 2-shrine of Imam Ibrahim ibn Alridha (as)
 3- shrine of Imam Ahmed ibn Alhassan (as)
 4 Shrine of Alhassan daughters (as)
 5-shrine of Hasna bint Imam Alhassan (as)
 6-shrine of Fatima bint Imam Alhassan
 7-shrine of Saif Aldeen one of grandsons of Imam Mosa bin Alkadim(as)
 8-shrine of Ibrahim bin Mosa Alkadim (as)
 9 - Shrine of Alhassan bin Abdullah bin Alfadel bin Alabbas bin Ali bin Abi Tali (as)

 Imam Hamza Region:
 Imam Alhamza Algarbi

 Al-qasim region:
 3- Alkasim bin Imam Mosa Alkadim (as)

 

Religious Sites in Mosul

 
Mosque of the Prophet Younis (as):
 The mosque is located in the north of the River Tigris on a prophet Yonis-hill and was told that the ascetics and hermits was always go there for worship.
 This mosque was also known as Masjed-Altaube (repentance Mosque) and in the year 767 AH the grave of Prophet Younis was found and the mosque was named after the prophet Younis name.

 Alnuri Mosque (The Great):
 The mosque is located in the center of the city of Mosul and was built in 566-568 years and until now, its lasting impact because of the curved, 52-meter high minaret of the Great Mosque. There have been several renovations during the past few years.

 Mosque of Prophet Sheeth (as):
 This mosque is located in the northeast of the old city of Mosul and was built during the reign of Umar ibn al-Khattab in 16-637 m. the remains of this mosque, there is not much left and only a few pieces of Mihrab.

 Mosque and shrine of Iman Aoun Aldeen bin Al-hassan (as):
 He is a Aoun-Din ibn al-Hasan ibn Ali bin Abi Talib (as) and his grave was built by King Badr al-Din in the year 646 Hijri on an area of 2500 square meter

 

Churches and Monasteries of Mosul, Iraq:

  Mosul has the highest proportion of Christians of all the Iraqi cities, and contains several interesting old churches, some of which originally date back to the early centuries of Christianity. Its ancient churches are often hidden and their entrances in thick walls are not easy to find. Some of them have suffered from overmuch restoration.

 The oldest church Shamoun Al-Safa (St. Peter), dates from the 13th century and has a most devious approach. It also has a deep underground courtyard and a cemetery between high walls containing some ornate tombstones of Moslawi merchants. The Syrian Orthodox Church- Mar Toma (St. Thomas)- is another one with a deceptive. It stands solidly but almost undetectable behind enormously thick walls and is lavishly, even gaudily, decorated.
 Inside dozens of bulbs produce a blaze of electric light. The altar-cross the altar-steps are nearly as bright as a film-set. There are painted in Arabic, an old Bible in Syriac on a lectern and a lime-green with dark blue borders. And, on one wall, a small illuminated and lass-fronted pigeon-hole in which are displayed the relics of St. Thomas above your head complicated chandeliers dazzle the eye. Luckily, the church equipped with electric fans and modern heaters. Mosul's summers are hot and the winter evenings bitterly cold.

 The Church of St. Peter (Shamoun Al-Safa)
 The oldest Chaldean church in Mosul, named after Shamoun Al-Safa or St. Peter. Previously, it had the name of the two Apostles, Peter and Paul. It was fouded in the 9th century, and it is considered a very important church due to its archeological value. It lies 5 m below street level. The church includes an epitaph of Shammas Raphael Mazagi who established a Chaldean printing press and a Patriarchal seminary next door of this church; and after the latter has been transferred to Baghdad in 1960, the building was inhabited by the nuns of the Sacred Hearts.

 Church of St. Thomas
 One of the oldest historical churches, named after St. Thomas the Apostle who preached the Gospel in the East, including India. The exact time of its foundation is unknown, but it can be assumed that it dates prior to 770 AD, since reference tell that Al-Mahdi, the Abbasid Caliph, listened to a grievance concerning this church on his trip to Mosul.

 Mar Petion Church
 Mar Petion who was educated by his cousin in monastery, was martyred in 446 AD. It is the first Chaldean Catholic church in Mosul, after the union of the Assyro-Nestorians with Rome. It dates back prior to the 10th century, and lies 3 m below street level. This church suffered destruction, and it has been reconstructed many times. A hall has been built on one of its three parts in 1942. As a result to that, most of artistic features have been confused.

 Ancient Tahira Church (The Immaculate)
 Near Bash Tapia, considered one of the most ancient churches in Mosul. No evidence helps to determine its exact area. It could be either the remnants of the church of the Upper Monastery or the ruined Mar Zena Church. Al-Tahira Church dates back to the 7th century, and it lies 3 m below street level. Reconstructed last in 1743.

 Mar Hudeni Church
 It was named after Mar Ahudemmeh (Hudeni) Maphrian of Tikrit who martyred in 575 AD. Mar Hudeni is an old church of the Tikritans in Mosul. It dates back to the 10th century, and lies 7 m below street level. First reconstructed in 1970. People can get mineral water from the well in its yard. The chain, fixed in the wall, is thought to cure epileptics.

 St. George's Monastery (Mar Gurguis)
 One of the oldest churches in Mosul, named after St. George, located to the north of Mosul. Most probably built late in the 17th century. Pilgrims from different parts of the North visit it annually in the spring, when many people also go out to its environs on holiday. It is about 6 m below street level. A modern church was built over the old one in 1931 abolished much of its archeological significance. The only monuments left are a marble door-frame decorated with carved Estrangelo (Syriac) inscription, and two niches, which date back to the 13th or 14th century.

 Monastery of St. Matte
 This famous monastery is situated about 20 km east of Mosul on the top of a high mountain (Mount Maqloub). It was built by Mar Matte; a monk who fled with several other monks 362 AD from the Monastery of Zuknin near the City of Amid (Diyar Bakir) in the southern part of Asia Minor (Turkey nowadays) and the north of Iraq during the reign of Emperor Julian the Apostate (361-363 AD). It has a precious library containing Syrianic scriptures.

 Monastery of Mar Behnam
 Also called Deir Al-Jubb (The Cistern Monastery), in the Nineveh Plain near Nimrud about 32 km southwest of Mosul, 12th or 13th century. The monastery is a great fort-like building rises next to the tomb of Mar Behnam a prince who was killed by the Sassanians, perhaps during the 4th century AD. A legend made him a son of an Assyrian king.

 Other Christian historical buildings
 (The Roman Catholic Church Built by the Dominican Fathers in Nineveh Street in 1893)
 1- St. Elijah's Monastery
 2- Mar Michael
 3- Mar Elias
 4- Mar Oraha 5- Rabban Hormizd

 

The sacred places in the province of Kirkuk

  1-The Shrine of prophet Danial (as)
 2-The Shrine of Zain Alabideen, one of sons of Imam Mosa Al-kadim (as)

 

The holy sites in the province of Salah al-Din

  Shrine of Imam Hasan Al-Askari (as):
 Imam Hasan al-Askari (December 6, 846 in Samarra; † 27 January 874), son of the eleventh Imam Imam was on the faith of the Twelvers (imamitisch) and thus a direct descendant of the Prophet Mohammed. House arrest [edit] After the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil ordered around 848 to Samarra and there had him under house arrest can make, also spent his son Hasan al-Askari, for most of his life under house arrest at his home in Samarra.
 During his imprisonment, he only a few visits to Baghdad granted that took place, but under guard.
 He married a Byzantine slave named Nargis Khatun. Despite his imprisonment, he was very well read and was able to teach others about Islam. He also wrote some comments that have been used by later scholars. Al-Askari Shrine (before 2006), Hasan al-Askari died on 27 January 874, at the young age of 27 years, from poisoning. He left after the conviction of the Shiites a son, Muhammad al-Mahdi, who was at the time of his death, just five years old.
 His funeral was attended by a large number of people, including the caliph al-Mutamid, who had probably poisoned. Shia sources say that, when Hasan's brother Ja'far was preparing for the funeral prayers, Hasan's son approached him and his uncle asked him to step aside because only an Imam can lead the funeral prayer of an Imam. Jafar moved aside, and the prayer was led by the five year old son of the deceased.
 The Shiite faith sees Muhammad al-Mahdi, as the Mahdi, who is believed by the that he will return at the end of time to fill the world with justice and peace and to establish Islam as the global religion. Hasan al-Askari was the Al-Askari shrine in Samarra buried next to his father Imam Ali Naqi-on. This shrine is regarded as sacred by Shiites.
 By a terrorist attack on 22 February 2006, the Shrine of the two Imams has been severely damaged, after which it came across Iraq clashes between Shiites and Sunnis

 Shrine of Sayed Mohammed in Balad city:
 The tomb is located just 80km north of Baghdad and he is Sayed Mohammed bin Ali bin Muhammad Al-Hadi bin Muhammad Al-Jawad bin Ali bin Musa bin Ja'far (as) († 252 AH - 866 AD) This place is very sacred and is always attended by many thousands of believers, as it has many wonders that happened in this shrine.