Imam Ali Holy Shrine (as):
Najaf is a city in Iraq and the capital of the province of Najaf. It is located south of Baghdad, and has (as of 1 January 2008) 900,583 inhabitants.
She is considered one of the seven holy cities of Shia Islam.
Nearly 100% of the residents are Arabs. 99.99% of the population are Muslims. About 95% are Shiites and Sunnis 5%.
For Shiites, especially the Twelvers, Najaf is considered sacred: In the city there is the Imam Ali Mosque, the mosque shrine for the very important Shi'a Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib, the cousin and successor of the Prophet Muhammad.
The mosque is considered the most important Islamic shrine in Iraq.
All the main streets of Najaf start configuration to run there and in front of the high walls that protect the mosque.
This attracts pilgrims day and night, and the dead are brought by their relatives in simple wooden coffins to ask for prior to the funeral on the outskirts of the blessings of Imam Ali.
Najaf is also a political power center - especially by the Hawza, the association of influential Shiite scholars.
Any agreement between Iraqis and the occupying power is more stable when it is approved by the Hawza.
Also buried within this mosque according to Shias are Prophet Adam and Prophet Noah
The site is visited annually by at least 8 million pilgrims on average, which is estimated to increase to 20 million in years to come.
Many Shīah believe that Alī did not want his tomb to be desecrated by his enemies and consequently asked his friends and family to bury him secretly. This secret tomb site is supposed to have been revealed later during the Abbasid caliphate by Jafar as-Sādiq, the Sixth Shīah Imām.
It has also been narrated from Jafar as-Sādiq, the 6th Imām, that Imām Alī Mosque is the third of five holy places: Makkah, Madīnah, Imām Alī Mosque in Najaf, Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbalā, and the Shrine for Fātimah - daughter of Mūsā al-Kādhim in Qom.
Mosque tomb of Prophet Hud and Saleh (AS):
The Prophet Hud (AS) and Prophet Saleh (AS) are in a place in Najaf cemetery in Algari Valley (Peace Valley) from the north-east of Imam Ali Holy shrine.
These two tombs mosque attended by all Muslims from different parts of the world.
Kumail bin Ziad mosque tomb:
His tomb located in the mosque area (Atawaih), a high hill towards Kufa-Najaf, and is now (Kumail) and he was a close friend of Imam Ali and thousands of Muslims visit him to this day.
Zainal Abidin Mosque :
He is Ali bin Al-hussein bin Imam Ali (AS) and mosque located close to Safi Safa Mosque and in front of Imam Ali mosque and is visited by many Muslims.
After the famous battle of Karbala, the soldiers came with the prisoner and the head of the Imam Al-Hussein (AS) in the direction wanted. Along the way they made a radical one place for a night, this place is called today Alhanana and was very holy and a mosque was built and is still visited by many Muslims.
The shrine of Muslim bin Aqeel Abi Talib (AS) bin:
Muslim bin Aqeel was a cousin of Imam al-Husayn bin Ali. He was dispatched by Imam al-Husayn to the city of al-Kufa. His mission was informing the citizens of al-Kufa of the injustice of Yazid; however, he was martyred together with Hani bin Urawa in 60 A.H. Ibn Ziyad, the then governor of al-Kufa, ordered his forces to kill them and sent their heads to Yazid. Their toms are now at the al-Emar Castle now. The two holy shrines are situated near al-Kufa Mosque to the east of the city of Najaf.
When the pilgrim likes to visit the city of al-Kufa, he will see the golden dome. The decorations added to the walls of the shrine make the place appear more spiritual; from inside, the dome is covered by mirrors that seem to magnify the great person buried there.
The tomb is located next to the Al-Kufa Mosque and Golden dome rises above the grave, he was the ambassador sent to Al-kufa and the first martyr Imam Hussein in 561 AD in the Kufa city.
Now, when one intends to enter the sacred sanctuary, the first thing to come into view is the architecture of the Shrine. And, just prior to stepping inside the corridor, the pilgrim is instructed to read out, together with some relevant verses of the Holy Quran, the following sentence: "May salaam be unto you, O Martyr of Imam al-Husayn's call."
Amid the implications of the mirrors which add to the spiritual beauty of the sacred place and the door framed in gold steps and stands the visitor who reads out the ziarat-text in favor of Muslim at the gate of the sanctuary.
Hani bin Urwa shrine:
his tomb located next to Al-Kufa mosque and opposite to Muslim tomb, was Killed by Bin Ziad (Umayyad governor) in 60AH.
The shrine of Almukhtar Althaqafi:
After the assassination of Imam Hussein, he made a revolution against the killers of Hussain. He was killed and his grave is next to the Muslim bin Aqeel and always be visited by many people.
Shrine of Maytham Tammar (AS):
He was a close friend of Imam Ali, and was also a great scientist and was killed by Ibn ziad in 560 AD, and his grave is located to the west of Kufa Mosque.
Shrine of Khadija bint Ali (AS):
This grave is close to the Kufa Mosque, she died when she was a little child, as the story was told. The grave was again rebuilt in (1362 AH - 1942).
House of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS):
The house is located outside the Kufa mosque, he live in this house during the time of his caliphate in 536 AD. and is always visited by thousands of people today.
The Great Mosque of Kufa, or Masjid al-Kufa (Arabic: located in Kufa, is one of the earliest mosques in Islam.constructed in the middle of the 7th century after the Caliph Omar established the city.
The mosque contains the remains of Muslim ibn Aqil - first cousin of Hussein ibn Ali, his companion Hani ibn Urwa, and the revolutionary Mukhtar al-Thaqafi.
Over the years, the mosque has been redeveloped a number of times. It is surrounded by a trench and once possessed an arcade of marble columns that extended 20 meters in length.
It measured approximately 100 square meters with the side of the Qibla organized into five aisles and the others arranged into two.
According to early sources, the aisles were demarcated by masonry block columns that rose to the height of the mosque's flat roof.
Today the area of the building measures approximately 11,000sqm and features an elegant gold dome and Saffavid tile work from the 17th and 18th centuries. Twenty-eight semi-circular towers support the exterior wall; it is speculated that they date to the early Islamic period. Excavations carried out by Iraqi Department of Antiquities revealed that although these towers stretched two meters into the ground, they were being stabilized by another set of differently sized towers beneath them, that at one point belonged to an earlier mosque on the site. Additionally, the excavations provided evidence that the Qibla side of the mosque is structurally connected to the west wall of the Dar al-Imara.
The mosque contains nine sanctuaries and four traditional locations. It has four minarets and it served by five gates.
The Mosque is revered for many reasons
•It was the place where Imam Ali(PBUH) was fatally struck on the head while in prostration (Sujood)
Contains the tombs of Muslim ibn ‘Aqil, Hani ibn Urwa, and Mukhtar al-Thaqai
There are markers within the mosque indicating the locations for where the court of Imam Ali (PBUH) used to preside, where he was claimed to perform miracles, and where ‘Ali ibn Hussein(PBUH) and Ja‘far al-Sadiq(PBUH) used to perform Salah.
Islamic traditions relate that Adam established the mosque, that it was later the dwelling place of Noah and that this was the place where he built the Ark
Traditions say that 12,000 Prophets had performed Salah within this mosque, including Abraham, Noah, and Muhammad on the Night of Ascension - all are marked within the mosque
It was from this mosque that the diluvium of Noah started submerging earth, as well as being the place from where the water was re-absorbed according to Shea belief - also marked within the Mosque
Shea Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq (PBUH) said that up to twelve miles of land in all directions from the mosque are blessed by its holiness
Ja'far al-Sadiq (PBUH) was also recorded as remarking that the 'mosque in Kufa is superior to that of Jerusalem'and that 'performing two prostrations of prayer here would be better for me than ten others at any mosque.
In the north west side of Al – Kufa Great Mosque and 10 Km distance from Najaf lies Al – Sahla Mosque. Al – Sahla Mosque is one of oldest, greatest and most honored mosques after Al – Kufa Great Mosque. It was built in the first century after Hijra.
The historical references that this location was the house of the prophet Edris (PBUH) then the house of the prophet Abraham (PBUH) and thirdly the house of Al – Kider (PBUH)
Imams said many speeches about the honor and favor of the mosque. The area of the mosque is about (17500 sqm). The mosque is rectangular with (140 M) length and (125 M) width. It is surrounded with high wall, the wall is supported with half – circular towers and each tower is (7 M). the mosque has seventeen entrances and the southern side is the main location for praying. The mosque has many holy places
The shrine of Mr.
Ibrahim ibn al-Hasan Muthanna bin Ali (as):
The tomb is located near the Najaf-Kufa main road (kinda place) There is a blue dome over the tomb and was always visited by many people.
Prophet Younis holy place(AS):
On the banks of the Kufa River built mosque red which Baitulmal of Muslims at the time of Imam Ali (AS) in memory of Nabi Younis (p), where he delivered the whale in this place and stayed while traveling to the city of Mosul until his death and built his tomb great there became this place and a mosque red shrine pray where scientists and visited by all Muslims.